Easy Vegan Vanilla Cake (The Politics of Cake)
Melih Aydemir

Baking a cake
Baking a vegan cake
Searching a recipe on Google
Searching a recipe on YouTube
To manipulate – a recipe to manipulate ‘‘best vegan egg substitutes for baking’’

Vinegar to curdle the soy milk

‘‘Baking Through History: 400 years in 4 minutes’’ is a 22 minutes video from 1945

Grasping - all-purpose flour, cacao, vanilla, sugar, a slice of agriculture

*Preheat the oven to 350°F (180°C)
*1 and 3/4 cups (220g) All-Purpose Flour


*Sift the flour into a mixing bowl.

Europeans were used to growing crops such as wheat, which they then harvested and sent to other people who would turn the crop into flour.

*1 cup white sugar

the food nobody needs, but everyone craves

Bone char—often referred to as natural carbon—is widely used by the sugar industry as a decolorizing filter, which allows the sugar cane to achieve its desirable white color.

Decolorizing - colonizing - sugar plantation

the rise of sugar has been key to global trade and socioeconomic development, slavery and the African Diaspora and modern cultural norms

*1 tsp Baking Soda

*1/2 tsp Salt

*Add the sugar, baking soda and salt and mix together.

Portuguese realized the conditions for sugar plantations existed in Brazil, where a slave-based plantation economy was established. When Brazilian sugarcane was introduced in the Caribbean, it led to the growth of the industry which came to feed the sugar craze of Western Europe.

Hundreds of thousands of enslaved people were brought from Africa to the Caribbean and America so that Europeans could have sugar and rum, the main products of sugarcane.

 *1 cup (240ml) Soy Milk (or other non-dairy milk)

 *2 tsp Vanilla Extract

The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs in 1519 brought the fragrant flower—and its companion, cacao to Europe. Vanilla was cultivated in botanical gardens in France and England, but never offered up its glorious seeds. Growers couldn’t understand why until centuries later when, in 1836, Belgian horticulturist Charles Morren reported that vanilla’s natural pollinator was the Melipona bee, an insect that didn’t live in Europe.

*1/3 cup (80ml) Extra Virgin Olive Oil (or sub canola oil or other vegetable oil)

*1 Tbsp White Vinegar (or sub Apple Cider Vinegar)

Unlike the process of flour on Caribbean and American sugar plantations enslaved laborers had to do everything. They sowed, tended and harvested the crop, and then worked to extract the juice from the sugarcane and boil and process the juice in order to turn it into sugar and molasses, and later they might work to distill some of the waste products into rum.

When they were finally emancipated in 1834 in the British Empire, it was the slave owners who were fully compensated – not the slaves. Much of this money was used to build Victorian infrastructure, such as railways and factories.

*Add the soy milk, vanilla, oil and vinegar and
give it a quick whisk with a hand whisk until just combined.

Long before Europeans took to vanilla's taste, the creeping vine grew wild in tropical forests throughout Mesoamerica. While the Totonac people of modern-day Veracruz, Mexico, are credited as the earliest growers of vanilla, the oldest reports of vanilla usage come from the pre-Columbian Maya. The Maya used vanilla in a beverage made with cacao and other spices.

Bi-state of the flowers

In 1841, an enslaved boy on the island named Edmond Albius developed the painstaking yet effective hand-pollination method for vanilla that is still in use today, which involves exposing and mating the flower’s male and female parts. A way to augment the vanilla harvest pollinated by bees.

*Grease two 7 inch round cake tins with coconut oil
(or spray with non-stick spray) and
cut parchment paper into circles to fit the bottoms.

A cake is a wonderful thing: the care and patience required; the sweet indulgence; the ceremony; the extravagant simplicity. It is a metaphor for love.

Baking a cake: a metaphor for research.

Cake theory is a metaphor about economic development and the redistribution of wealth in the political discourse.

*Divide the batter evenly between them.

Emerged in 2010 as problems with an increased wealth gap became gradually more apparent. If economic development is seen as analogous to baking a cake, one side of the debate suggests that development should focus on 'dividing the cake more fairly,' while the other says development should be focused on 'baking a bigger cake.’

*Bake for 30 minutes.

*Remove from the oven and using a toothpick,
insert into the center of the cake.
If it comes out clean then your cake is done.

*Move to a cooling rack to cool completely.

Pasta means cake with frosting in Turkish, kek is cake without frosting, cake itself is of Viking origin, from the Old Norse word “kaka". Kaka means poop in Arabic, in Swedish it means cookie.

*Prepare your frosting.

*3 and 3/4 cups (450g) Powdered Sugar

*3 Tbsp (45g) Vegan Butter

*4 Tbsp Soy Milk (or other non-dairy milk)

*2 tsp Vanilla Extract

The four dimensions of racism

*When your cake is completely cool,
place it on a plate


First layer of cake - Internalized

The subtle and over messages that reinforce negative beliefs and self-hatred in individuals.

*Add frosting to the top of the first layer.

First layer of frosting - Interpersonal
Racist acts and micro-aggressions carried out from one person to another

*Add the second layer of cake on top.

Second layer of cake - Structural

Multiple institutions collectively upholding racist policies and practices

*Frost it completely, using a knife to carefully
frost the sides of the cake.

Top frosting - Institutional

Policies and practices that reinforce racist standards within a workspace or organization.

*Decorate with fresh strawberries and serve right away.

Fair cake-cutting is a kind of fair division problem.

The problem involves a heterogeneous resource, such as a cake with different toppings, that is assumed to be divisible – a cut arbitrarily small pieces of it without destroying their value.

A subjectively fair-cutting, in that each person receives a piece that they believe to be a fair share.

*If you’re not serving right away, then omit the strawberries or
serve them on a plate alongside the cake, so it doesn’t get soggy.

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